Application of Strontium Isotope Analysis of Bone and Tooth in the Study of Ancient Immigrations - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
year 6, Issue 1 (2020)                   JRA 2020, 6(1): 17-31 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

B. Kasiri M, Abedi A. Application of Strontium Isotope Analysis of Bone and Tooth in the Study of Ancient Immigrations. JRA. 2020; 6 (1) :17-31
URL: http://jra-tabriziau.ir/article-1-157-en.html
1- Tabriz Islamic Art University , m.kasiri@tabriziau.ac.ir
2- Tabriz Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (897 Views)
One of the important questions of archaeology is the study of the mobility and immigration of human groups. A common method for addressing these issues is to refer to the artifacts and archaeological findings left behind by the earlier cultures and to compare the forms, motifs, and production methods used among various ancient cultures, and hence, to explore the relationships and cultural exchanges between the societies. But, in the last three decades, the analysis of strontium isotopes in human tooth and bone samples (and even animals) has made it possible to study ancient immigration using a new method. According to the results of scientific researches, 87Sr/86Sr in each region is different due to the geological complications and the genus and stony sediments with 87Sr/86Sr of other regions. By measuring 87Sr/86Sr in bone and skeletal samples and comparing it with the average 87Sr/86Sr geological ratio in the region, the samples of the studied skeletons can be either indigenous or migratory. Since the people of the Piranshahr area in Iran have still traffic to the cities of Erbil and Sulaimaniyah in Iraq, and according to the studies, most villagers from Silveh village migrated to this region during the past century from the Iraqi Kurdistan, the immigration study of skeletons found in Tepe Silveh archaeological site could be interesting. The purpose of this study was to use the analysis of stable isotopes of strontium of the teeth and bone samples of skeletons obtained from the archaeological site of Tepe Silveh, Piranshahr, in order to determine their native or migratory nature. Tepe Silveh or as villager named “Tepe Sheikh Esmail Silveh” (N: 36° 48' 099'' – E: 45° 05' 937'' – altitude: 1567 m) is located exactly 100 m north of the Silveh village. Tepe Silveh is located in the center of intermountain river valley on the northern margin of the village, which has already been demolished and abandoned. As explained above, the reason for the destruction of the village was the sinking in the basin of the Silveh Dam. Seven Excavation trenches in Tepe Silveh have revealed, important materials from Early Chalcolithic Dalma (5000 BC) culture, Late Chalcolithic, Early Bronze Age culture of Hasan Ali or Nineveh V (3500- 2700 BC), Iron Age and Parthian periods. After a gap, Tepe Silveh have re-settled during Millde Islamic Periods (Seljuk era) and continued up to the late Islamic Period. According to the important location of Tepe Silveh and different occupation of the site deformation from Early Chalcolithic Dalma period to Islamic era, it should be suggested as a particularly important case study of migration, because it has been active and dynamic during different periods. Proximity of the site to the Iran, Iraq and Turkey adds to the importance of this study. To achieve this, the 87Sr/86Sr of the samples was measured. By comparing the ratio of strontium isotopes, it was possible to determine whether the samples were indigenous or migratory. The results obtained showed the different proportions in the analysis of strontium isotope, so that all samples could be considered non-native. Of course, this comment is only expressed on the basis of these five skeletons, and more specimens and analysis are needed to comment on the archaeological site of Piranshahr.
Full-Text [PDF 7082 kb]   (189 Downloads)    
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2018/12/8 | Accepted: 2019/04/3 | Published: 2020/06/30 | ePublished: 2020/06/30

References
1. Mays S. The archaeology of human bones. Routledge; 2010 Apr 21. [DOI:10.4324/9780203851777]
2. Brown TA, Brown K. Biomolecular archaeology: an introduction. John Wiley & Sons; 2011 Feb 8. [DOI:10.1002/9781444392449]
3. Ericson JE. Strontium isotope characterization in the study of prehistoric human ecology. Journal of human evolution. 1985 Jul 1;14(5):503-14. [DOI:10.1016/S0047-2484(85)80029-4]
4. Dasch EJ. Strontium isotopes in weathering profiles, deep-sea sediments, and sedimentary rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 1969 Dec 1;33(12):1521-52. [DOI:10.1016/0016-7037(69)90153-7]
5. Hurst RW, Davis TE. Strontium isotopes as tracers of airborne fly ash from coal-fired power plants. Environmental Geology. 1981 Nov 1;3(6):363-7. [DOI:10.1007/BF02473525]
6. Sealy JC, van der Merwe NJ, Sillen A, Kruger FJ, Krueger HW. 87Sr86Sr as a dietary indicator in modern and archaeological bone. Journal of Archaeological Science. 1991 May 1;18(3):399-416. [DOI:10.1016/0305-4403(91)90074-Y]
7. Sillen A, Kavanagh M. Strontium and paleodietary research: a review. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1982;25(S3):67-90. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330250505]
8. Price TD, Burton JH, Bentley RA. The characterization of biologically available strontium isotope ratios for the study of prehistoric migration. Archaeometry. 2002 Feb;44(1):117-35. [DOI:10.1111/1475-4754.00047]
9. Harvig L, Frei KM, Price TD, Lynnerup N. Strontium isotope signals in cremated petrous portions as indicator for childhood origin. PloS one. 2014 Jul 10;9(7):e101603. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0101603]
10. Killgrove K. Biohistory of the Roman Republic: the potential of isotope analysis of human skeletal remains. Post-Classical Archaeologies. 2013;3(1):41-62.
11. Shaw BJ, Summerhayes GR, Buckley HR, Baker JA. The use of strontium isotopes as an indicator of migration in human and pig Lapita populations in the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2009 Apr 1;36(4):1079-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2008.12.010]
12. Bentley RA, Price TD, Stephan E. Determining the 'local'87Sr/86Sr range for archaeological skeletons: a case study from Neolithic Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2004 Apr 1;31(4):365-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2003.09.003]
13. Knudson KJ, Price TD, Buikstra JE, Blom DE. The use of strontium isotope analysis to investigate Tiwanaku migration and mortuary ritual in Bolivia and Peru. Archaeometry. 2004 Feb;46(1):5-18. [DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4754.2004.00140.x]
14. Schweissing MM, Grupe G. Stable strontium isotopes in human teeth and bone: a key to migration events of the late Roman period in Bavaria. Journal of archaeological science. 2003 Nov 1;30(11):1373-83. [DOI:10.1016/S0305-4403(03)00025-6]
15. Eckardt H, editor. Roman Diasporas: Archaeological approaches to mobility and diversity in the Roman Empire. Journal of Roman Archaeology; 2010.
16. Kusaka, k., Ando, A., Nakano, N., Yumoto, T., Ishimaru, E., Yoneda, M., Hyodo, F., Katayama, K. 2009. A strontium isotope analysis on the relationship between ritual tooth ablation and migration among the Jomon people in Japan. Journal of Archaeological Science. 36, 2289-2297. [DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2009.06.013]
17. Bocherens H, Mashkour M, Billiou D. Palaeoenvironmental and archaeological implications of isotopic analyses (13C, 15N) from Neolithic to Present in Qazvin Plain (Iran). Environmental Archaeology. 2000 Jun 1;5(1):1-9. [DOI:10.1179/env.2000.5.1.1]
18. Kheirkhah M, Mirnejad H. Volcanism from an active continental collision zone: A case study on most recent lavas within Turkish-Iranian plateau. J. Tethys. 2014;2(2):81-92.
19. Paytan, A., Slovak, N.M. 2011. Application of Sr Isotopes in Archaeology. In: Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry, Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-10637-8_35.]
20. Kasiri MB, Karimi HZ. Study of skeletons of the Iron Age cemetery of Tabriz by strontium isotopes analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2017 Dec 1;16:359-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.10.030]
21. Poirier, Y. et al., 2003. Isotope geochemistry in the oil & gas exploration context: progress towards a high vertical resolution screening tool; Total SA. Fluids and Organic Geochemistry, Pau, France; Poster presented at: Applied Isotope Geochemistry-5, Heron Island, Australia, 26-30May, 2003.
22. Price TD, Grupe G, Schröter P. Reconstruction of migration patterns in the Bell Beaker period by stable strontium isotope analysis. Applied Geochemistry. 1994 Jul 1;9(4):413-7. [DOI:10.1016/0883-2927(94)90063-9]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Research on Archaeometry

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb