Formative or Transitional Dalma (?): Absolut Chronology of Dalma Culture Based on New C14 Radiocarbon Dating Using Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS) Method - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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year 8, Issue 2 (2022)                   JRA 2022, 8(2): 1-16 | Back to browse issues page

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Abedi A. Formative or Transitional Dalma (?): Absolut Chronology of Dalma Culture Based on New C14 Radiocarbon Dating Using Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS) Method. JRA 2022; 8 (2) :1-16
Faculty of Cultural Material Conservation, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran ,
Abstract:   (1195 Views)
The time period between the end of Hajji Firuz and the beginning of Dalma and the formation, later development and expansion of the Dalma culture to adjacent regions such as Kurdistan, Zanjan and the central Zagros as well as the origins of this culture have always been the focus of intense research and debate between archaeologists. New evidence of the Dalma culture in the Nakhichevan region and the region’s proximity to the main obsidian deposits, on the one hand, and its proximity to one of the main corridors leading to northwest Iran on the other, how and why this culture emerged in this region of the southern Caucasus as well as its chronology are of great importance for understanding of the Dalma culture in the Caucasus. This paper presented a discussion on the origins of this culture and the Formative and Transitional phases of Dalma from the terminal Late Neolithic to the Early Chalcolithic by advancing a new chronology. Basic and fundamental questions related to this culture, including the transition from Hajji Firuz to Dalma, the exact time span of the Dalma in the northern and central Zagros and the intermediate areas in between, and the origins of the culture, remains unanswered. The present paper aimed to provide answers to some of these questions to the possible extent based on new findings. Here the entire absolute dates available for northwestern Iran and central Zagros, from those deriving from the 1960s and 1970s excavations of Dalma Tepe, Seh Gabi, Godin to the most recent C14 radiocarbon dates from such sites as Dava Göz, Kul Tepe Gargar and Nad Ali Beig Sonqor were evaluated and then were compared to the related evidence from the South Caucasus reported from Nakhchivan Tepe and Uçan Agil to propose a new absolute chronology for the Formative Dalma and the Dalma horizon. Based on the existing absolute dates, a timespan between 5400/5350‒5000 BC was suggested for the Formative and Transitional Dalma and between 5000‒4500 BC for the Dalma period proper.
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Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2022/07/3 | Accepted: 2023/04/17 | Published: 2023/04/17 | ePublished: 2023/04/17

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