Age Estimation of Human Remains Using Dental System (A review of age estimation methods in dental anthropology) - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------
year 6, Issue 2 (2020)                   JRA 2020, 6(2): 175-189 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Farnam E. Age Estimation of Human Remains Using Dental System (A review of age estimation methods in dental anthropology). JRA 2020; 6 (2) :175-189
Institute of Archeology ,
Abstract:   (1965 Views)
Although estimation of age at death is an essential part of reconstructing information from the skeletal material, it is one of the most difficult and controversial investigation in bioarcheology, because individuals of the same chronological age can show different biological age. Among the various   methods used, estimating the age by the teeth, because of both their more stability in archaeological contexts and their ability to change with age, is very attentive and applicable. Even though many of modern methods are used in forensic science are based on tooth sections and   histological examinations which are not appropriate in archaeological samples due to tooth destruction. In this article besides introducing and discussing the nondestructive methods of using teeth in estimating the age of human remains, the advantages and disadvantages of each method are mentioned. purpose of this paper is to review the methods of dental age estimation for subadults by studying “tooth development” and for adults by observing “physiological degenerations”. Because of the regular formation and eruption times for teeth, dental development is the most widely used technique for ageing subadult remains. Based on this assumption, a graphic summary of data on dental development has been provided which contains all of the calcification, eruption and root completion times. Since a permanent tooth erupts, it begins to wear. If the rate of wear within a population is fairly homogeneous it follows that the dental wear is a function of age.  As teeth age, formation of secondary dentine reduces the coronel height and width of the pulp cavity.  Some researchers used this to radiographs   of adult individuals and have been able to obtain accurate results. Other studies have shown that apical translucency of tooth roots correlates with adult age, but applications of the technique have shown it to be less useful than other   methods.
Full-Text [PDF 1443 kb]   (1144 Downloads)    
Technical Note: Review | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2020/10/5 | Accepted: 2020/12/19 | Published: 2020/12/24 | ePublished: 2020/12/24

1. Williams G. A review of the most commonly used dental age estimation techniques. J Forensic Odontostomatol. 2001;19(1):9-17.
2. Đurić M, Rakočević Z, Ranković N. Age assessment at the time of death based on panoramic radiography. Vojnosanitetski pregled. 2005;62(7-8):557-64. [DOI:10.2298/VSP0508557D]
3. Hoppa, R.D., Vaupel, J.W. Paleodemography: Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge University Press, 2002. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511542428]
4. De Luca S, Alemán I, Bertoldi F, Ferrante L, Mastrangelo P, Cingolani M, Cameriere R. Age estimation by tooth/pulp ratio in canines by peri-apical X-rays: reliability in age determination of Spanish and Italian medieval skeletal remains. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2010 Dec 1;37(12):3048-58. [DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2010.06.034]
5. Suchey JM. Applications of pubic age determination in a forensic setting. Forensic osteology: advances in the identification of human remains. 1998.
6. TODD TW. Age changes in the pubic bone, III: The pubis of the female white-negro hybrid. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1921;4:1-70. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330040102]
7. Lovejoy CO, Meindl RS, Pryzbeck TR, Mensforth RP. Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death. American journal of physical anthropology. 1985 Sep;68(1):15-28. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330680103]
8. Iscan MY, Loth SR. Osteological manifestations of age in the adult. Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton. 1989:23-40.
9. Galera V, Ubelaker DH, Hayek LA. Comparison of macroscopic cranial methods of age estimation applied to skeletons from the Terry Collection. Journal of Forensic Science. 1998 Sep 1;43(5):933-9. [DOI:10.1520/JFS14337J]
10. Meindl RS, Lovejoy CO. Ectocranial suture closure: A revised method for the determination of skeletal age at death based on the lateral‐anterior sutures. American journal of physical anthropology. 1985 Sep;68(1):57-66. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330680106]
11. Cunha E, Baccino E, Martrille L, Ramsthaler F, Prieto J, Schuliar Y, Lynnerup N, Cattaneo C. The problem of aging human remains and living individuals: a review. Forensic science international. 2009 Dec 15;193(1-3):1-3. [DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.09.008]
12. Lucy D, Pollard AM, Roberts CA. A comparison of three dental techniques for estimating age at death in humans. Journal of Archaeological Science. 1995 May 1;22(3):417-28. [DOI:10.1006/jasc.1995.0041]
13. Gustafson G. Age determinations on teeth. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1950 Jul 1;41(1):45-54. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.1950.0132]
14. Martin-De Las Heras S, Valenzuela A, Villanueva E. Deoxypyridinoline crosslinks in human dentin and estimation of age. International journal of legal medicine. 1999 Jun;112(4):222-6. [DOI:10.1007/s004140050240]
15. Ohtani S, Yamamoto K. Age estimation using the racemization of amino acid in human dentin. Journal of Forensic Science. 1991 May 1;36(3):792-800. [DOI:10.1520/JFS13089J]
16. Renz H, Radlanski RJ. Incremental lines in root cementum of human teeth-a reliable age marker?. Homo. 2006 Feb 24;57(1):29-50. [DOI:10.1016/j.jchb.2005.09.002]
17. Nayak, S.D., George, R., Shenoy, A., Shivapathasundaram, B. Age estimation in forensic dentistry-a review. International Journal of Scientific Research 2014, 3(4):333-338. [DOI:10.15373/22778179/APR2014/117]
18. Priyadarshini, C., Puranik, M.P., Uma, S.R. Dental age estimation methods: a review. International Journal of Advanced Health Sciences 2016, 1(12):19-25.
19. Donni, S., Haslinda, R., Phrabhakaran, N., Aspalilah, A. Dental age estimation: a review. Journal of Dental and Maxillofacial Reasearch 2018, 1(1):1-3. [DOI:10.31038/JDMR.2018114]
20. Bérgamo AL, de Queiroz CL, Sakamoto HE, da Silva RH. Dental age estimation methods in forensic dentistry: Literature review. Forensic Science Today. 2016 Feb 5;2(1):004-9. [DOI:10.17352/fst.000005]
21. Buikestra, J.E., and Ubelaker, D.H. Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Arkansas Archaeological Survey. 1994
22. White, T.D., Black, M.T., Folkens, P.A. Human Osteology, (3rd ed.) Oxford, Elsevier Academic Press, 2012, 385-389.
23. Mc Donald RE, Avery DR, Dean JA. Dentistry for the child and adolescent. Mosby, St. Louis, Philadelphia. 2000:446-8.
24. Hillson, S. Dental Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, 3rd printing, Cambridge, 2002, 129.
25. Smith, B.H. Standards of human tooth formation and dental age assessment, In: M.A. Kelley and C.S. Larsen (Eds), Advances in dental anthropology. New York, NY: Wiley-Liss, 1991, 143-168.
26. Mincer HH, Harris EF, Berryman HE. The ABFO study of third molar development and its use as an estimator of chronological age. Journal of Forensic Science. 1993 Mar 1;38(2):379-90. [DOI:10.1520/JFS13418J]
27. Yaşar Işcan M. Rise of forensic anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1988;31(S9):203-29.. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330310510]
28. Gustafson, G., and Koch, G. Age estimation up to16 years of age based on dental development. Odontologisk Revy 1974, 25:297-306. (Gustafson G. Age estimation up to 16years of age based on dental development.)
29. Anderson DL, Thompson GW, Popovich F. Age of attainment of mineralization stages of the permanent dentition. Journal of Forensic Science. 1976 Jan 1;21(1):191-200. [DOI:10.1520/JFS10353J]
30. Ubelaker, D.H. Human skeletal remains: Excavation, analysis, interpretation (3rd.ed). Washington, DC: Taraxacum 1999, 172.
31. McKee JK, Molnar S. Measurements of tooth wear among Australian aborigines: II. Intrapopulational variation in patterns of dental attrition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1988 May;76(1):125-36. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330760111]
32. Walker PL, Dean G, Shapiro P. Estimating age from tooth wear in archaeological populations. Advances in dental anthropology 1991, 169:187.
33. Lovejoy CO. Dental wear in the Libben population: its functional pattern and role in the determination of adult skeletal age at death. American journal of physical anthropology. 1985 Sep;68(1):47-56. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330680105]
34. Richards LC, Miller SL. Relationships between age and dental attrition in Australian aboriginals. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1991 Feb;84(2):159-64. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330840205]
35. Milner GR, Larsen CS. Teeth as artifacts of human behavior: intentional mutilation and accidental modification. Advances in dental anthropology. 1991:357-78.
36. Miles, A.E.W. Dentition in the estimation of age", Journal of Dental Research. 1963, 42:255-263. [DOI:10.1177/00220345630420012701]
37. Miles AE. The Miles method of assessing age from tooth wear revisited. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2001 Sep 1;28(9):973-82. [DOI:10.1006/jasc.2000.0652]
38. Mays S. The relationship between molar wear and age in an early 19th century AD archaeological human skeletal series of documented age at death. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2002 Aug 1;29(8):861-71. [DOI:10.1006/jasc.2001.0751]
39. Jeon HM, Jang SM, Kim KH, Heo JY, Ok SM, Jeong SH, Ahn YW. Dental age estimation in adults: A review of the commonly used radiological methods. Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain. 2014;39(4):119-26. [DOI:10.14476/jomp.2014.39.4.119]
40. Cameriere R, Cunha E, Sassaroli E, Nuzzolese E, Ferrante L. Age estimation by pulp/tooth area ratio in canines: study of a Portuguese sample to test Cameriere's method. Forensic science international. 2009 Dec 15;193(1-3):128-e1. [DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.09.011]
41. Kvaal S, Solheim T. A non-destructive dental method for age estimation. The Journal of forensic odonto-stomatology. 1994 Jun 1;12(1):6-11.
42. Kvaal SI, Kolltveit KM, Thomsen IO, Solheim T. Age estimation of adults from dental radiographs. Forensic science international. 1995 Jul 28;74(3):175-85. [DOI:10.1016/0379-0738(95)01760-G]
43. Ikeda N, Umetsu K, Kashimura S, Suzuki T, Oumi M. Estimation of age from teeth with their soft X-ray findings. Japanese Journal of Legal Medicine. 1985;39(3):244-50.
44. Drusini AG, Toso O, Ranzato C. The coronal pulp cavity index: a biomarker for age determination in human adults. American Journal of Physical Anthropology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. 1997 Jul;103(3):353-63.<353::AID-AJPA5>3.0.CO;2-R [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199707)103:33.0.CO;2-R]
45. Cameriere R, Ferrante L, Cingolani M. Variations in pulp/tooth area ratio as an indicator of age: a preliminary study. Journal of Forensic Science. 2004 Feb 19;49(2):1-3. [DOI:10.1520/JFS2003259]
46. Cameriere R, Brogi G, Ferrante L, Mirtella D, Vultaggio C, Cingolani M, Fornaciari G. Reliability in age determination by pulp/tooth ratio in upper canines in skeletal remains. Journal of forensic sciences. 2006 Jul;51(4):861-4. [DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00159.x]
47. Vodanović M, Dumančić J, Galić I, Pavičin IS, Petrovečki M, Cameriere R, Brkić H. Age estimation in archaeological skeletal remains: evaluation of four non-destructive age calculation methods. The Journal of forensic odonto-stomatology. 2011 Dec;29(2):14.
48. Ermenc B. Metamorphosis of root dentine and age. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. 1997 May;7(3):230-4.<230::AID-OA337>3.0.CO;2-# [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1212(199705)7:33.0.CO;2-#]
49. Bang G, Ramm E. Determination of age in humans from root dentin transparency. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 1970 Jan 1;28(1):3-5. [DOI:10.3109/00016357009033130]
50. Tang N, Antoine D, Hillson S. Application of the B ang and R amm age at death estimation method to two known‐age archaeological assemblages. American journal of physical anthropology. 2014 Nov;155(3):332-51. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.22566]
51. Drusini A, Calliari I, Volpe A. Root dentine transparency: age determination of human teeth using computerized densitometric analysis. American journal of physical anthropology. 1991 May;85(1):25-30. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330850105]
52. Sengupta A, Whittaker DK, Shellis RP. Difficulties in estimating age using root dentine translucency in human teeth of varying antiquity. Archives of oral biology. 1999 Nov 1;44(11):889-99. [DOI:10.1016/S0003-9969(99)00087-4]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research on Archaeometry

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb