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JRA 2017, 2(2): 1-17 Back to browse issues page
The Archaeo-mineralogy of The Bronze Age Pottery shreds from Kul Tepe of Ajabshir, Eastern Lake Urmia Basin, Iran
Zeinab Nourzehi1, Bahram Ajorloo *2, Masoud B. Kasiri3, Ghader Ebrahimi4
1- M.A. Tabriz Islamic Art University
2- Associate Professor and member of the Research Institute for Restoration of Historical Buildings and Fabrics, Tabriz Islamic Art University , ajorloo@tabriziau.ac.ir
3- Assistant professor and member of the Research Institute for Restoration of Historical Buildings and Fabrics Tabriz Islamic Art University
4- Ph.D. Candidate in Archaeology University of Mohaghegh Ardebili
Abstract:   (1717 Views)

In the Bronze Age Archaeology of Northwestern Iran (plateau), the advent of various types of handmade gray-black ceramics shows the arrival of the so-called Kura-Araxian culture. The Urmia Ware, dating to the Late Bronze Age, on the other hand, represents the revival of the buff painted pottery tradition, following the decline of the Early Bronze Kura-Araxian culture. The present work attempted to examine the matrixes of samples of sherds in the Early Bronze gray-black pottery of Kura-Araxes, and a further samples of sherds in the Late Bronze buff-painted pottery of Urmian Ware, all collected during the surface surveys of Kul Tepe, Ajabshir County, through the petrographic technique and observing thin-sections by polarizing microscope, as well as XRD and FT-IR analysis. The main objective was to study the similarities in the structure of the Early Bronze (Kura-Araxian) and Late Bronze (Urmian Ware) ceramics. The primary focus was on examining the possibility of local production of these ceramics through the analysis of the prepared thin-sections and ascertaining their technology, structure and composition, as well as gathering data on such fields as compositions and resources of raw material. Since Kul Tepe contains both Early Bronze and Late Bronze deposits, it offers a good opportunity for studying Archaeometrically the problem of discontinuity in technological pottery traditions, and the fact that whether the Urmian Ware tradition represented a local or an imported phenomenon. Results of the polarization microscopy, as well as the XRD and FT-IR analyses and their comparison to the available regional petrographic indices, showed that the clay used in both samples was procured from a single source, and the Early Bronze Age sherds and the Late Bronze Age painted sherds were then both manufactured locally.

Keywords: Kul Tepe of Ajabshir, Kura Araxian pottery, Urmian Ware, Petrography, FT-IR, XRD
Full-Text [PDF 1727 kb]   (118 Downloads)    
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2016/07/20 | Accepted: 2017/01/17 | Published: 2017/03/17 | ePublished: 2017/03/17
Turkish Abstract [HTM 48 KB]  (11 Download)
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Nourzehi Z, Ajorloo B, B. Kasiri M, Ebrahimi G. The Archaeo-mineralogy of The Bronze Age Pottery shreds from Kul Tepe of Ajabshir, Eastern Lake Urmia Basin, Iran. JRA. 2017; 2 (2) :1-17
URL: http://jra-tabriziau.ir/article-1-46-en.html
Volume 2, Number 2 (2017) Back to browse issues page
پژوهه باستان سنجی Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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