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JRA 2016, 2(1): 29-38 Back to browse issues page
Identify historical Paper Fibers to Dating Feasibility of Unknown Samples
Masoud B. Kasiri 1, Bahareh Younesi 2, Afsaneh Yajam 3
1- Associated Professor Tabriz Islamic Art University , m.kasiri@tabriziau.ac.ir
2- M. A. Tabriz Islamic Art University
3- M. A. Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of Iran
Abstract:   (1445 Views)

Historical papers with all museum and aesthetic value have considerable cultural and scientific importance which represents how societies were during history improved. Studying historical papers is a way to discover the changes of human’s life in different cases such as economics, culture and politics. Between existing manuscripts prescriptions there are some, which are left unseen unfortunately due to lack of recognition of their writing date. So to understand their originality, we require technical and structural analyses. Quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis and identification of organic paper are able to recognize their structure and thus the probable time of the paper making process or use it as a cultural work. Today, using scientifically exact methods like radiocarbon dating of organic material such as dating paper results well. Unfortunately, it is impossible to use this method in our country because of high cost and lack of access for most of experts. In this research we seek to know the most used materials in a specific era and to make possible the indirect dating by studying and recognizing fibers and sizing in historical papers. We have used microscopic observations, color reagents and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) methods. Results showed that linen, and hemp fibers have a high level of application in studied dated manuscripts and there is conformity in these results with results of studied undated ones.

Keywords: Dating, Manuscripts, Fibers, Identify fibers, Colored reagents, FT-IR
Full-Text [PDF 3334 kb]   (1251 Downloads)    
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2016/04/3 | Accepted: 2016/06/9 | Published: 2016/09/22 | ePublished: 2016/09/22
Turkish Abstract [HTM 53 KB]  (21 Download)
Refrences [RIS 1 KB]  (21 Download)
References
1. Agrawal, O. P., & Barkeshli, M. (1997). Conservation of Books, Manuscripts, and Paper Documents. INTACH.
2. Haugan, E., & Holst, B. (2013). Flax look‐alikes: Pitfalls of ancient plant fibre identification. Archaeometry, 56(6), 951-960. [DOI:10.1111/arcm.12054]
3. Isenberg, I. H. (1958). Pulp and paper microscopy, 3rd ed. Institute of Paper Chemistry, Appleton, WI.
4. McBride, C. (2002). A pigment particle & fiber atlas for paper conservators. Cornell University Available at 12/10/2013 at: www.library.cornell.edu/preservation/publications/mcbride.html
5. Shi, J. L., & Li, T. (2013). Technical investigation of 15th and 19th century Chinese paper currencies: Fiber use and pigment identification. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 44(6), 892-898. [DOI:10.1002/jrs.4297]
6. TAPPI. (2000). TAPPI standards and suggested methods, T 401om-93. Fiber analysis of paper and paperboard. Test Methods TAPPI press, Atlanta, Ga.
7. Yum, H., Singer, B. W., & Bacon, A. (2009). Coniferous wood pulp in traditional Korean paper between the 15th and 18th centuries AD. Archaeometry, 51(3), 467-479. [DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00448.x]
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B. Kasiri M, Younesi B, Yajam A. Identify historical Paper Fibers to Dating Feasibility of Unknown Samples. JRA. 2016; 2 (1) :29-38
URL: http://jra-tabriziau.ir/article-1-35-en.html


year 2, Issue 1 (2016) Back to browse issues page
پژوهه باستان سنجی Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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