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year 6, Issue 1 (2020)                   JRA 2020, 6(1): 1-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Miri Ahoodashti M, Niknami K. Introducing Satellite Remote Sensing Systems and its Application in Archaeology Case Study: Behshahr Plain- Mazandaran. JRA. 2020; 6 (1) :1-0
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Abstract:   (131 Views)
Remote sensing is the knowledge that makes us remotely observe the world around us, including all forms of photography, video and other forms of visualization. The remote sensing satellite has the advantages of being able to see wide-angle perspectives with varying resolution at different scales and satellite imagery datasets, as well as being able to record data beyond the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is important for archaeologists to know the advantages and disadvantages of using satellite remote sensing as a powerful tool for visualizing past perspectives. Applying remote sensing in archeology is one of the purposes of this study. aerial photography, geophysics, laser scanning of monuments, geographic information analysis in GIS and satellite imagery analysis are all aspects of remote sensing and they are all valuable for ancient research and promote non-destructive archeology, using satellite remote sensing in archeology has been the focus of this article. from a practical perspective, there can be a difference in traditional archaeologistchr('39')s research works with research using remote sensing satellite techniques. The use of spatial remote sensing for new discoveries in archaeological studies, environment and research programs, will be very usual and perfect and giving us an amazing insight into the social landscape of the past. This article discusses the types of satellite imagery with their advantages and disadvantages available to archaeologists and their applications in various archaeological projects to select the most appropriate images and provide information on other image types.
In order to better understand the aforementioned cases, the settlement pattern of Behshahr plain was evaluated with a combination of field methods and remote sensing techniques, GIS, spatial analysis functions and multivariate regression methods. In this study, sentinel-2 satellite image with a spatial resolution of 10 m depended to 2017 year and topographic maps, 1/25000 maps and spatial data of the study area were used. After necessary preprocessing and correction, information layers including forest land cover, water zones, fields, coastal lands, elevation and waterways were classified as effective environmental factors (independent parameter) in the formation of ancient settlements. In the next step, using buffer function to spatial value of the settlements as dependent parameter and linear regression modeling was used for spatial modeling and analysis.
Therefore, the relative importance of the information layers and the spatial potential map of the ancient settlements were obtained. as a result, the distribution of the settlements specified in each of information layers. In addition to extracting and grading environmental information, their impact on the settlements formation in research area was investigated, which Access to water resources has played a major role in this regard.
Distance from farms is the next priority. Due to the importance of elevation factor in the formation of ancient places, it is worth noting that due to the all sites situated in the plain of Behshahr, the elevation factor has been less considered and has had the least role in the formation of these settlements.
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2020/01/3 | Accepted: 2020/06/21 | Published: 2020/06/30 | ePublished: 2020/06/30

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