Chronology of the Neolithic Period of Kerman based on archaeological excavations ofTepe Gav Koshi Esfandagh - Jiroft:Absolut and Relative Chronology of Tepe Gav Koshi Esfandagheh- Jiroft - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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1- Tehran University ,
2- Tehran University
Abstract:   (90 Views)
Recently, Nader Alidadi Soleimani has carried three season of archeological investigation on the Esfandagheh plain in Kerman province and has recorded numbers of Neolithic sites back to seven and six millennium BC. Gav Koshi is a small Neolithic site less than one hectares is located in the northwest city of Jiroft (Soleimani and Fazeli Nashli in press). Based on the three season of excavations the site has two important ceramic Neolithic phase of early seventh (with more than 500 years of occupation) and Late seventh millennium BC with some gaps between on it. In recent chronological study khanipour and Niknami (2017) propose the following chronological tables for the Fars regions includes Transitional Rahmat Abad (7500-7000 BC), Formative Mushki (7000-6400), Mushki (6400-6000 BC), Jari (6000-5600 BC) and Shams Abad (5600-5200 BC) and therefore, the first phase of Gav Koshi back to the Formative Gav Koshi (700-6500) with local development. While the site abandoned for a short period of time the site again was reoccupied during the Gav koshi period (ca. 6400-6000, see table 1).  The ceramics of the first phase is completely local and handmade with a fine greyish slip covered on the surface. The red geometric broken lines applied on the exterior around the neck of bowls or diamond used the entire of surface.
The houses were made with mudbrick structures (12×12×35cm) and sometimes the extend of mudbrick is 50cm and three mudbrick contains the thickness of wall and wall usually joint to each other.  The houses sizes were usually between 2.50m to 4m indicates enough space for each family. Usually, the floor was covered by red ochre.  For the roof they usually used local reed which is still grow in the region. One of the important discovery of Gav Koshi was that a room with sizes of   360×285  cm with a floor raised look like a platform and carefully the floor painted with red ochre. Also, the whole internal walls were painted with red ochre. Numbers of animal bones and also lots of human and animal figuries were found inside the room probably the room used for ritual practices.  The second phase was very close to the surface and it seems by the time the archtectural remains has been destroyed. While the ceramic of the lower layers indicates local development but chronologically, the ceramics of upper layers reveal regional chrecterestics similar with Kushk - e Hezar, Mushki/Bashi, Qasr e-Ahmad and Harmangan in the Fars region (Khanipour and Niknami 2017). During the second phase of Gav Koshi numbers of mortars and pestles found with the obsidian cores and blades all indicates regionalization of Kerman Neolithic during the last quarter of seven millennium BC.
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Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2018/11/3 | Accepted: 2018/12/29

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