The Introduction of the Archaeological Site of Sibeh-Koukherd Based on Archaeological and Archaeogeophysical Surveys Datas - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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1- Shahid Beheshti University , kourosh.mhmdkhani@gmail.com
2- Shahid Beheshti University
Abstract:   (106 Views)
There are many archaeological sites in Iran that have remained unknown and have been ignored during these years with our neglect and under the pretext of the growth of cities and villages. sites, each of which is a ring in the history of human studies, and the existence of each of them is necessary for the correct understanding of the culture of the past. In the village of Koukherd -which located in Bastak, Hormozgan province- there is a less will- known ancient site, which inhabitants of village call it city of Sibeh and in some written sources have written with this name, too. Today, the ancient city of Sibeh is located on the southwest of the village of Koukherd, and several residential houses are built on the site core zone of the historic city in the north-east. The dispersion of remains from prehistoric to the late Islamic era around the Koukherd region, the existence of rock paintings from prehistoric to Islamic, the water structure of Tereneh, which is constructed in Sassanid period and the Islamic tomb of Dogonbadan, informs about the richness of this region. in 2017, archaeological surveys and in particular the geophysical survey were carried out by the archaeological mission under the direction of Kourosh Mohammadkhani in the ancient site of Koukherd village. The collect of some of sherds pottery were one of the actions carried out during the archaeological surveys. Glaziers and design of the collected pieces indicate their belonging to the Islamic period, but their exact dating will definitely require more studies and experiments in the future. other activities were included studying, photographing, and survey for two tomb building and bathroom / Hammam which carried out by team members. The purpose of this article is to introduce the ancient site of Sibeh city and to express the results of the surveys which will cause acquaintance with this ancient site and future supplementary studies by other researchers. At first, we begin the discussion by to expressing contents from written sources and we are trying to provide a brief description of the site. In the following, with the pictures and short written, we introduce two ancient buildings, the tomb and the bathroom / Hammam. also, by presenting the tables of pottery analysis, got acquainted with the site's pottery and by showing maps obtained from geophysical surveys and digital maps, and studying and analyzing data, we will arrange the contents. one of the including activities done in these surveys was the determination of the site core zone of the ancient city of Sibeh, and the identification of archaeological monuments in the sphere of influence of site that included the tomb and the bath/ Hammam. With geophysical surveys, subsurface structures appeared in different parts of the site. The most important anomalies appeared in the magnetic survey in the eastern part of the ancient site are regular linear anomalies, which are marked on the map (Fig; 10) in the western part of the Sibeh bath/ Hammam area and show a rectangular structure that is located in the northwest corner of the another square structure. In the west of the Sibeh city, in the cemetery part of the Dogonbadan- which that's because of the existence of the Bunjeron part/Stone town and ancient graves, the eastern part of the Dogonbadan selected for magnetic survey- in the north part of the magnetic map, there are regular linear magnetic anomalies that these regular linear anomalies clearly indicate the plan of subsurface structures. The results express that although the existence some monument around the archaeological site confirms that this geographic area has been settlement in pre-Islamic, but the results of the fieldwork and superficial pottery studied have lead the authors to doubt about assigning the site to pre-Islamic period.
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Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2018/10/25 | Accepted: 2018/12/23

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