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Evaluation of the cultural sequence of the Fars Neolithic period based on the absolute chronology of the Hormangan site
Morteza Khanipour 1, Kamal al din Niknami 2
1- University of Tehran , khanipoor.m@ut.ac.ir
2- Professor University of Tehran
Abstract:   (191 Views)
Although years have passed since these early archaeological excavations in Fars province and despite the numerous studies conducted since in this region, the chronological sequence of Fars still faces major problems and there are still unanswered questions and dark spots in the archeology of Fars. Moreover, there is no clear image of the social, economic, political and religious life of prehistoric residents in Fars region. On the other hand, cultural region of Fars presents various environments that dominated formation of settlements during every given period. In order to better understanding of different cultures of Fars province, it is necessary to study individual regions and valleys to comprehend analysis. Irregularity of archaeological activities in Fars caused, from one hand, many regions such as Bavanat remain unknown, and on the other hand, investigations in regions including Marvdasht, there have been concentrations on especial periods or sites; therefore, expansion of cultures have remained completely unknown. Regarding the issue, Bavanat River Basin archaeologically surveyed at 2015 that resulted to recognition of surficial Neolithic potteries from Hormangan. Dating Hormangan firstly was relying on comparing pottery samples to the same samples from other sites with absolute dating, then seven samples of charcoal and a fragmentary bone sample sent to dating laboratory of University of Tokyo that revealed same age of other sites of Mushki period at Fars. As mentioned, when describing potteries, findings from the site are completely comparable to potteries from Mushki especially findings from TMB Trench. Following new finds of Mushki by Nishiaki, experiments on charcoal and bone from levels 1 to 4 relatively date to 6350 to 6050 BC. The findings compare to potteries of Jari B, Toll Bashi and latest Neolithic levels of Rahmat Abad; whereas Rahmat Abad dates to 6218-6028 BC. as mentioned earlier, Hormangan settlement consists of two phases, the earliest date to 6373-6236 BC according a dated recovered sample, and other five samples from later phase date to 6200 to 5900 BC. Two samples of charcoals from Trench 3 indicate that the kiln is contemporary to later phase of Hormangan.   
Keywords: Neolithic period, Hormangan Site, Dating, C14
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2017/12/26 | Accepted: 2017/12/28 | Published: 2017/12/28 | ePublished: 2017/12/28
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Khanipour M, Niknami K A D. Evaluation of the cultural sequence of the Fars Neolithic period based on the absolute chronology of the Hormangan site. JRA. 2017; 3 (2) :15-29
URL: http://jra-tabriziau.ir/article-1-103-en.html

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پژوهه باستان سنجی Journal of Research on Archaeometry
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