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year 6, Issue 1 (2020)                   JRA 2020, 6(1): 11-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Sohrabi M, Esmaeillou M, Fadaei H, Talebian M H, Noohi N. The field monitoring of influential biodeteriogenic agents on the historic rock surfaces in Persepolis-UNESCO World Heritage Site. JRA. 2020; 6 (1) :11-0
URL: http://jra-tabriziau.ir/article-1-236-en.html
1- IROST , sohrabi@irost.org
2- IROST
3- Research Center of Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization
4- The university of Tehran
Abstract:   (118 Views)
 
Cultural heritage, as a reminder of the past and their culture and civilization, has always been the focus of many cultures and, therefore, needs to be preserved and transmitted to future generations. Biodeterioration is defined as any undesirable change in the properties of a material caused by the action of biological agents such as Fungi, Bacteria, Cyanobacteria, Lichens, planets, termites, and other insects. Meanwhile, the world heritage of Persepolis has not been protected from biodeterioration and has been exposed to biodegradable biological agents for many years, which unfortunately has not been seriously discussed during these years. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide a new perspective on the study of the destructive biological factors of this historic site to provide a framework for future studies and serious consideration of the biologic debate in conservation and restoration issues. In this study, the presence of various factors from animals, flowering plants, fungi, lichens, green microalgae and photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic bacteria, in general, were investigated. Then, based on objective observations, the presence of biodegradation factors in the floor and walls of the north, south, east, and west of various buildings in Persepolis was qualitatively investigated. Based on the results, the studied areas were classified into four areas with very high, high, medium, and low relative risk. In addition to the initial estimate of biodiversity, the factors affecting the biodegradation of Persepolis were presented for the first time and the critical points for the presence of destructive factors were determined.
 
     
Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2020/05/22 | Accepted: 2020/08/20 | Published: 2020/08/21 | ePublished: 2020/08/21

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