Classification study and analysis of animal bones in Shirtel area in Qazvin plain from Bronze Age to mid-Iron Age - Journal of Research on Archaeometry
year 8, Issue 1 (2022)                   JRA 2022, 8(1): 1-20 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: A-10-638-1

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1- Institute of Archeology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran ,
2- General Directorate of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts of Qazvin Province, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4- Institute of Archeology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (384 Views)
The hill called the ancient site of Shirtal is located 9 km southeast of Qazvin. According to samples that have been dated to carbon 14 (including two samples of coal and four samples of animal bone remains), this area is from the Bronze Age to the mid-Iron Age. In addition to the remains obtained from this area, such as habitats, pottery, statues and human remains, etc., a collection of animal bone remains has been obtained, among which can be the bone remains of goats, sheep, and gazelles.Named cows, deer, horses, and a small percentage of bone remains of dogs, rodents, and boars. Among the collection of animal bones in the Shirtal area, the highest percentage is the bone remains of a domestic cow (Bos Taurus), which can be identified by a variety of cutting effects, burn marks and fractures; Due to the high percentage of immature cattle in this complex, it seems that the driving force of this species has been used more in farms and accelerating the agricultural process. In the skeletal remains of Shirtel area, from the category of small ruminants, like other areas of Qazvin plain, domestic sheep (Ovis aries) has the highest percentage. In addition to the role of protein in the diet of human societies, the remains of the milkweed site appear to have used the bones of domestic animals to make bone tools. In this area, a number of bone remains of wild animals have been found, which shows the role of hunting in the livelihood economy of the people.
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Technical Note: Original Research | Subject: Archaeometry
Received: 2022/01/4 | Accepted: 2022/05/15 | Published: 2022/08/21 | ePublished: 2022/08/21

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